A large area on the Scanian land is part of the European hardwood vegetation zone, even though farmers have turned part of the land into an agricultural area and not the initial forest. The zone extends to a large area, which includes Europe west of Poland and the northern part in the Alps.
A smaller section found in the north-eastern parts of Skåne belongs to the pinewood vegetation zone and some species of trees grow naturally in this area such as spruce.
The climate and the type of soil makes the land blossom with various species of trees that make Scania a champion of vegetative cover.
The spruce plantation is found next to the beech trees in the southern parts of Sweden such as Scania. The accumulation of organic matter in the soils and the presence of underground water are some of the factors that have instigated the growth of the spruce forests in Scania.
The forests rely on the Potassium and Calcium minerals in the soil to grow, but the presence of other minerals in a balanced manner will increase the coverage of these forests. This types of forest are found at Kongalund in Scania and cover an area that was initially under the beech forest but the need to have a mixture of these plants led to the plantation of spruce.
These types of forests have species of trees that have glossy leaves and are smooth. The bark of these plants is usually grey but can differ slightly depending on the area the plant is growing.
The beech forests of Scania and those found in other places produce fruits called the beechnut, which are useful in the ecosystem for feeding of wild birds.
These lush forests are attractive as they glow with beautiful colours to make the walk in nature an experience to reckon with. The trees range from small to gigantic ones and cover a large area in Scania. The decay material from the trees ensures the soil has nutrients to facilitate the growth of other trees.
These forests are found in Southern part of Sweden, which is in the province of Scania and includes plant species with extremely broad leaves that form an umbrella-like structure similar to that of the tropical rainforest. The trees are famous for breaking the strong winds and encouraging the improvement of soil nutrients through the available decomposing matter that fall from the trees.
The forest canopies of Scania provide the birds with shelter and the floor of the forest is clearer, meaning that most species that survive here live on top of the trees. Some trees in this forest go as high as 30 meters above the ground.
There is a coniferous forest zone in Scania that has enabled the increased studies on the growth of forests. Sweden, Scania to be specific, has a good reputation on the support, conservation, and growth of forests especially during the replanting of forests.
The coniferous forest presents a superb vegetative cover on the land and has enabled industries to acquire raw material for their activities. The coniferous forest in Scania has diversified natural forests and old “peasant forests” where trees grow naturally.
However, logging activities in these forests have led to increased forestry policies to ensure the replanting of cleared areas for the benefit of future generations
Plant succession in Scania denotes the change of species in a growing area for ecological purposes. This policy in forestry in Scania aims at improving the already destroyed plant species to ensure that they have recovered and balance the ecosystem once again.
Scanians integrated this scientific theory to retain nature by boosting the co-existence of flora and fauna that have been affected by incidents such as lava flow, severe fire, logging, or fatal wind throw, which has cause some areas to clear vegetation or be simply inhabitable.
Age Of Trees
The age of trees, vary depending on factors such as natural forest or planted forests. Some trees such as those in the canopy are as old as 100 years ol while the newly planted vary.