The Swedish identity of Scania began historic shifts in the regimes that sought to take control of the region that was initially under Denmark’s leadership.
The period before 1658 was characterized invasions that had the motive of controlling trade and resources in the region.
Therefore, Scania was a conquest of the Swedish crown after Denmark was subdued after the war.
The Swedish try to identify with Scania because it is part of the larger Skåneland but the uniqueness of the region portrays a different picture especially the distinction that exists between the people of these two areas.
Sweden views the area as its domestic colony and the later history was characterised with efforts to restore the society that had faced all types of atrocities especially after the homicide in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Historic Interest If Sweden In Scania
History shows that the name Scania appeared in written content for the first time in the 9th century.
The Danish king called Harald Bluetooth took control of the region in the 10th century.
The region had two bigger counties called Blekinge and Halland located in the Scandinavian Peninsula. The two regions were part of eastern Denmark.
The location of this area made it to be exposed to the frequent Dano-Swedish war that went on for about five centuries.
Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 ended the war between the two countries and Sweden had emerged triumphant by converting the lands on eastern Denmark to be under the Swedish crown
The Danish attempted to take control of this land through another conflict in 1710 but failed. In 1719, the region was divided into two counties and Sweden provided all the instruments of administration.
Scania became fully part of Sweden in 1719 and in 1720, Sweden and Denmark signed a peace treaty to cease the battle.
Scanian flag was ruled to become the official flag of Scania in November 2017.
The relationship between Denmark and Sweden has been antagonistic over the past centuries following the battle over the lands in eastern parts of Denmark.
The scuffle was because of the expansion of the Swedish empire to gain more power and control in a version known as domestic colonisation. The domestic antagonism was evident in the middle of the 14th century where the Black Death occurrence cleared more than one third of the population in most parts of Europe.
The Scandinavian region was the centre of hegemony in the Baltic region as the Danish and the Swedish troops battled in the region for about five hundred years.
The issue that instigated the two countries to fight over the region also included the need to control trade and resources. For instance, Denmark used to collect enough dues resulting for m the foreign ships passing through the region.
The Swedish encroachment on this area was to take control of this route for the ships as well as the arable land of Scania.
Why Scania Remained Important?
The power of an expansive empire was the order of the day in the early centuries because kingdoms needed more resources to operate well. Scania, being a conquest of the Swedish crown, had its first governor called Gustaf Otto Stenbock, who protected the territory against the invasion of enemies.
The Scanian war of 1676 shows how high the Swedish regime valued Scania because it protected the region with military investments to ensure that Denmark or the Scanians did not take control.
The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1679) took place after the French intervened to cease the war and ensure the restoration of the initial laws for the Scanian people as well as representation of the Scanians by noble leaders in the Swedish parliament.
The Swedish leaders used propaganda to portray king’s divinely ordained power to lead, which lead to the change of terms of the treaty to allow Scanians to use their old laws and customs until 1683 and then adopt the Swedish law.
The kings did not want to let go of Scania because it would indicate lack of military prowess or influence across other empires.
Sweden’s Restoration Efforts
Sweden indentifies Scania as it colony and thus feels responsible for the restoration of the moral and structural set up of the society that was once vibrant before the war.
For instance, in 1720, the last peace treaty was signed where Denmark and Sweden agreed to restore tranquillity.
However, in 1811, there was streams of revolts among farmers against Sweden, which led to the demise of about 40 civilians who were shot by the militants.
The unrest that was mounting forced the Swedish leadership to focus on the ways to restore peace.
The year 1798 saw the people co-exist in peace and development agenda was part of the ways to improve the process of restoration.
For instance, the first historical horse-drawn railway line was opened in 1798 to connect various parts of Scania and Sweden to the harbour. Another railway line became operational in 1856 and connected Malmö and Lund.
The improvement in infrastructure led to an increase in population in the region because the residents could enjoy the social amenities provided by the regime.
The Current Identification
The issue remains that Scania is still subject to the Swedish influence expecially after the encroachment on the Skåneland to take control of the resources.
The current influence is actually what the early regimes wanted, which is to feel powerful and have control of other areas of the region. When Sweden joined the European Union in 1995, Social Democratic Party had already suggested two years earlier the need for regional autonomy as a measure to spark economic growth.
Consequently, a more regionalist-friendly approach came into play as regions of Europe came under sharp focus with an aim of eradicating unemployment and economic downturn of 1990s.
Currently, the Swedish government recognizes Scania as an independent province especially after the recognition of the Scanian flag and coat of arms in the efforts to decentralise functions.