Stiftelsen Skånsk Framtid

The History of Scania in a nutshell

The Stone Age

9000 - 1800 BC Stone age The grave of the Barum woman, from the shore of Lake Opmanna, dates back to about 7700 BC. It is the oldest Nordic grave finding. Scania was populated by the Megalite farming community about 9000 BC.

1800 - 500 BC Bronze age Mysterious carving from about 1000-1200 BC are showing processions, offerings and symbolic drawings suggesting the existence of a death cult. It is the strangest and largest Nordic Bronze age mound.

500 BC - 400 AC Iron age The Kåseberga ship - the grave of King Ale. The largest Nordic stone grave ship.

The Migration period

400 - 800 The fertile and centrally located Scania is the basis of the first Nordic central state in the 7th century under the Scanian Kings Ivar Vidfamne and Harald Hildetand.

The Viking Era

800 - 1047 Scania was at times an independent kingdom, at other times an independent earldom within the Danish Kingdom. Several Scanians were on the Throne of Denmark from 1047, beginning with Svend Estridsön. Scania experienced a considerable emigration to Normandy, the other parts of Denmark and Vineland west of the river Oder. The Normandy flag and Coat of Arms are historically linked to Scania.

Opposing Danish authorities

1043 - 1536 Between 1043 - 1536, the Scanian people revolted twelve times against their Danish rulers, and formed six times an autonomous Scanian kingdom. The insurrections of 1524 - 26 and of 1534 - 36 were organised in favour of the King of the People, Christian the Good, against the nobility and the Sleswigian Dukes on the Danish throne.

The Era of the Church

1103 - 1536 A Nordic Archbishop's seat was established in Lund in 1103. Lund and Scania became the centre of church and culture in the North. Scania was one of the three regions of the Danish kingdom, and was of vital importance for the development of the state. The Scanian parliament first met at Arendala, and from 1183 and onwards at the Lerbäck mound in Lund.

The Era of the Herring

1180 - 1527 The sea trade with western Europe of the Viking age turns into the period of herring fishery between 1180 and 1527. The Scanian market becomes famous all over Europe. Hundreds of ships gather every year, and the economy of northern Europe revolves, among other things, around herring and salt.

The Nordic Union

1397 - 1523 In 1387, the Scanian parliament elects Margarete Valdemarsdatter to be the "almighty Wife and rightful husband" of Denmark. She accepts the Scanian-Nordic union ideas, which are carried out in Kalmar in 1397. She moves her household to Scania, from where she rules the North.

The Reformation

1524 - 1533 The Reformation reached Scania in the 1520's. Scania has its own reformers, such as Hans Mikkelsen, who translated the New Testament from Latin in 1524, and Christian Pedersen in Malmö, who also translated a series of writings into the Öresund-Scanian language. Pedersen is called "the father of Danish literature". In 1528, Claus Mortensen, published the first Danish hymn book called "Malmø-Salme-bogen".


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