A Region in Europe

Some facts about the Region

NAME OF THE PEOPLE / NATION: Scania / Skåneland

SIZE: 19,725 km2

CAPITAL: The main regional city is Malmö>. Scania is today a part of Sweden and the capital is Stockholm.

POPULATION: 1,487,000 inhabitants (2000)

RELIGION: Predominantly Christian Protestantism

LANGUAGE: Swedish (the Scanian language is diminishing and less used today)


ETHNIC DIVERSITY: Scania has an indigenous population with a normal influence of immigration and emigration over the years. It has a specific and clearly defined territory. Its culture and history differs from the surrounding territories.

MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS: About 40% of the agricultural produce of Sweden is produced in Scania. Crop toxins are increasingly threatening to pollute the ground water reserves.

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION/FEATURES: Open cultivated plains in the south and wooded hills along the northern borders.

RESOURCES: Agricultural farming.

ECONOMY: The region is economically dominated by the capital Stockholm. The RTD index (Research. Technology and Development index) illustrates this problem. While the RTD index for Stockholm is 418 and the index for the region surrounding Stockholm is 182, the RTD index for Scania is 80. (compare: EU average l00).

POLITICAL LEADERS/PARTIES: Scania is part of the central state political party system.

POLITICAL SYSTEM/GOVERNMENT: Scania is subjected to the Kingdom of Sweden. Sweden has a single chamber parliament situated in Stockholm. Scania has a proportional representation in this parliament.

LEGAL STATUS: Scania is regarded an integrated part of Sweden. Scanians as a people or nation, do not have any legal status in the State of Sweden. The Scanian language is not recognised by the State and is not subjected to any form of legal protection.

HUMAN RIGHTS PROBLEMS: Scanian history, language and culture do not enjoy official recognition. As a result, Sweden does not consider itself obliged to provide protection for the Scanian culture in accordance with international human rights conventions. The Swedish Government signed the European Council's "Charter for regional or minority languages 1992" on 2 December 1999 at which time the Government discarded the Scanian language as "a Swedish" dialect".